1 in 66 Canadian children and youth have autism spectrum disorder report

first_imgTORONTO – An estimated one in every 66 Canadian children and youth aged five to 17 has autism spectrum disorder, says the inaugural report on the prevalence of the neurodevelopmental condition in this country.Autism spectrum disorder, or ASD, is typically detected in early childhood and causes impairments in communication skills and social interactions, often combined with repetitive behaviours and narrowly focused interests or activities.Thursday’s report by the Public Health Agency of Canada includes 2015 data from six provinces and one territory. It found that prevalence — the number of affected people within a specific population — ranged from a high of one in 57 children and youth in Newfoundland and Labrador to one in 126 in Yukon.The overall one in 66 prevalence rate “was not unexpected,” said Judy Snider, PHAC’s acting chief of maternal, child and youth health and a co-author of the report. “We had been tracking the rates in the U.S. and it’s a very similar rate … So we’re not surprised at all.”Esther Rhee, national program director for Autism Speaks Canada, welcomed the report, saying that having up-to-date numbers empowers advocacy organizations like hers to help drive progress for the autism community.“We know that Canada is doing a lot, but there is still so much more to do in terms of effectively serving all individuals with autism and their families across the country,” she said.“So we can use a report like this to highlight the need here, and not be using data that we’ve been pulling and borrowing from other countries, to speak to what is really happening in our own community and then utilize that to make positive change.”In the U.S., which has been collecting ASD prevalence information for decades, one in 68 children was estimated to have the disorder in 2016, when the latest data was released.However, there is a difference between the two countries’ data collection: the U.S. gathers prevalence statistics only on eight-year-olds in 11 states, representing less than 10 per cent of that age group.PHAC compiled numbers that represent about 40 per cent of the population, but which captured 88 per cent of all five- to 17-year-olds in the seven participating jurisdictions, which also included B.C., Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and P.E.I.This means they used information collected from “a much richer source,” Snider said.“We count all children in that age group, in the jurisdictions that are currently participating, and we have great confidence in the numbers that we have.”PHAC hopes to have the remaining territories and provinces join the National Autism Spectrum Disorder Surveillance System — including Ontario, the country’s most populous province.“We actually don’t know the impact of not having Ontario involved or the other provinces,” Snider said, but added that the agency is confident the data it has collected is “representative of Canada.”As expected, based on the experience of other countries, the report found that boys in Canada are four to five times more likely than girls to develop ASD.“When we look at the prevalence of autism by sex, we found that one in 42 males were diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, whereas we see it in one in 165 females,” said Snider.Why the disorder affects so many more boys than girls remains a mystery. While research is looking at all different aspects of autism, “we don’t have a good understanding of that.”She said the national surveillance report provides a benchmark that will allow researchers and policy makers to track whether the proportion of Canadians affected by autism continues to escalate in the future.P.E.I., Quebec and Newfoundland and Labrador have seen increases in prevalence since 2003. And in the last two decades of collecting data, the U.S. has also seen rates steadily rise.“We’ve seen a 100 per cent increase,” said Rhee, pointing to U.S. report for 2000, when the prevalence rate for ASD among eight-year-olds was one in 166; by 2014, it had soared to one in 68, remaining at that level in 2016. The 2018 report is yet to be released.So why are cases of autism going up?That’s the “magic question,” said Rhee. “We know that genetics play a role, we know that environmental factors play a role, we know that we’ve gotten significantly better at awareness and screening and diagnosing and that those components play roles in there being a higher prevalence.“But it doesn’t explain the whole picture … there’s still so much we have to understand.”Canada does not have a national autism strategy, though this year’s federal budget earmarked $20 million over five years towards ASD. The money would include funding for a network to connect people with ASD and their families to information, resources and employment opportunities, and community-based projects to strengthen health, social and educational programs.Snider said the report will help inform planning for ASD programs, services and research “that will impact Canadians living with autism spectrum disorder and their families and caregivers.”—Follow @SherylUbelacker on Twitter.Note to readers: This is a corrected story. An earlier version wrongly reported that Canada has a national autism strategy.last_img read more

AFN chiefs reject call for MMIW inquiry commissioner resignations

first_imgAPTN National NewsAssembly of First Nations chiefs on Thursday defeated a motion tabled by Manitoba leaders calling for the removal of the remaining commissioners heading the inquiry into the national tragedy of the disproportionate number of murdered and missing Indigenous women and girls.The AFN did adopt a resolution calling for an expansion of the inquiry’s mandate and for it to disclose its financial reports.More to comelast_img

UNDRIP bill caught up in Senate dispute amid Conservative protest

first_imgPeople outside the Senate in Ottawa encouraging the upper chamber to pass the UNDRIP law Bill C-262. Photo: Justin Brake/APTNJustin BrakeTodd LamirandeAPTN NewsThe Senate must pass Bill C-262.That was the message delivered outside the Senate of Canada Wednesday morning in Ottawa, where NDP political staffers, Assembly of First Nations staff, NDP MP Nikki Ashton and grassroots people gathered to advocate for the swift passage of Cree MP Romeo Saganash’s private member’s bill on Indigenous rights.“We are not just asking. We are not just urging. We are demanding that they stand up for Indigenous rights, for human rights, for Indigenous peoples, and for all Canadians who believe that we must go forward, we must support Bill 262,” Ashton said, calling for people to hold Senators, MPs and the prime minister to account.(“As you know it’s been a real struggle to get this bill through,” Independent Senator Lillian Dyck told the crowd gathered outside the Senate. Photo: Justin Brake/APTN)The proposed United Nations Declaration on the Rights Of Indigenous Peoples Act is caught in the middle of a heated dispute in Canada’s upper chamber, where Independent and Conservative Senators have squared off over the legislation many believe would significantly improve the quality of life for Indigenous people in Canada.If passed in its present form, C-262 would require Canada “to take all measures necessary to ensure that the laws of Canada are in harmony with the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples,” according to the bill’s current text.But Conservative senators are demanding a length of debate that would effectively kill the bill on the order paper when Parliament rises for summer break later this month.They maintain the legislation could have unintended legal and economic consequences.On Tuesday the Senate’s Aboriginal Peoples standing committee voted to move C-262 without amendment to the third and final reading, giving the private member’s bill an against-the-odds chance of becoming law.But in the heated rush to beat the clock, Conservative senators are accusing Indigenous and Independent senators of impeding free speech and breaking Senate rules, while some are accusing the Conservatives of running out the clock.“I’m disappointed that we are rushing ahead with consideration of this bill without many important questions having been clearly answered,” Northwest Territories Senator Dennis Patterson said Tuesday morning as exchanges among senators in committee heated up.Watch Todd Lamirande’s story on the debate in the Senate over Bill C-262 Last year the House of Commons’ Standing Committee on Indigenous and Northern Affairs heard from 71 experts and witnesses during 11 meetings over almost four months.The bill, first introduced by Saganash in 2016, was passed without amendment and referred to the Senate, where C-262 proponents say Conservative senators have employed delay tactics to stall the bill’s progress.On Tuesday the Conservatives proposed amendments to each of the short bill’s six clauses, plus the addition of a seventh clause.Clause 2 of the bill affirms that C-262 cannot “diminish or extinguish existing Aboriginal or treaty rights of the Aboriginal peoples of Canada that are recognized and affirmed” in the Canadian constitution.Patterson said Tuesday, “there should be a provision that passage of this bill will also not have the effect of increasing or expanding such rights.”Each of the Conservatives’ proposed amendments was voted down by the majority Independent senate committee, and committee members voted on a five-minute time limit for each senator to speak to the proposals.Saskatchewan Conservative Senator David Tkachuk accused Senator Lillian Dyck, the committee chair, of impeding the Conservatives’ freedom of speech.As Dyck attempted to hold a vote on one of the Conservatives’ proposed amendments, Tkachuk spoke over her and read aloud a letter from Alberta United Conservative Party Premier Jason Kenney to Justin Trudeau warning against the passage of C-262 and its perceived threat to economic interests.Senator Murray Sinclair, the bill’s Senate sponsor, told APTN News he and his colleagues were ensuring the committee’s plan to deal with C-262 in a timely manner was fulfilled.“There had been agreement at the outset by the committee that we would deal with this bill in four meetings, and this was our fourth meeting,” he said.Patterson, the bill’s Senate critic, told APTN Tuesday that he planned to raise a question of privilege in the Senate chamber Tuesday evening, and to ask for the bill to be returned to committee.“It’s not at all appropriate to limit debate on amendments, especially for the critic of the bill.”“I’m very concerned about the time allocation and the fact that my ability to speak was denied.”Patterson’s question of privilege Tuesday afternoon prompted a debate that carried into the evening.NDP MP Nikki Ashton speaks at a rally outside the Senate Wednesday morning, urging all Senators and MPs, incl Justin Trudeau, to advocate for the passage of #UNDRIP bill C-262, which has met resistance from Conservative Senators. @APTNNews #cdnpoli pic.twitter.com/O39n1uzJjf— Justin Brake (@JustinBrakeNews) June 12, 2019After hearing arguments from those who believed Dyck and the Aboriginal Peoples committee broke procedural rules, and arguments from those who believe the accusations are part of the Conservatives’ effort to orchestrate the end of Bill C-262, Senate Speaker George Furey reserved his decision.The declaration represents the global minimum human rights standards for Indigenous peoples and has been ratified by the UN General Assembly, and by Canada.On Tuesday a coalition of First Nations and human rights groups issued a joint statement refuting the claim that the bill has been rushed, and that its passage into law could have negative impacts on the economy.“Bill C-262 calls for a process by which federal laws can be reviewed in a systematic and collaborative way to ensure that Canada’s commitment to uphold the UN Declaration is being met. It would be up to Parliament to enact any required legislative changes identified in this process,” says the statement, signed by Amnesty International, the First Nations Summit, the Assembly of First Nations, the Metis Nation, and others.“Because there is no basis for claims that C-262 has been rushed, our Nations and organizations call on all Senators to ensure the Bill is brought to a vote in a timely fashion and passed into law during this session of Parliament.“If, instead, some Senators continue to employ procedural tactics to essentially kill the Bill, and oppose the human rights of Indigenous peoples, this will be a very regressive and shameful landmark in the history of the Parliament of Canada.Dyck stopped at Wednesday’s rally on her way into the Senate.“As you know it’s been a real struggle to get this bill through the Aboriginal Peoples committee,” she said, citing Conservative resistance.“Keep up the talking, keep up the protest, because this bill is so important,” she added. “We cannot let it die.”jbrake@aptn.ca@justinbrakenewslast_img read more

Woman found dead in bathroom of her house

first_imgNew Delhi: A woman was found dead in the bathroom of her house in Delhi’s Mandawali area, according to Delhi Police.Mandawali police station received a call at about 2:52 pm on Sunday that a woman, identified as Poonam by police, had locked herself in her house for two days. When police reached the spot, the caller identified himself as the 45-year-old woman’s brother. He told police that she lived alone in the house and was not receiving his calls for two days. Also Read – After eight years, businessman arrested for kidnap & murderPolice said that the deceased’s brother entered through the window, in the presence of the PCR team and discovered his sister’s dead body in the bathroom. DCP (East), Jasmeet Singh said that five years ago Poonam had lost her husband, whom she was married to for 17 years. She had been living alone since then and was suffering from depression, he added. DCP Singh also mentioned that no injury marks were present on the body and that no foul play is suspected in this case. Police added that necessary inquest proceedings have been initiated.last_img read more

Jayalalithaa writes to Manmohan on Lanka

Observing that Indian fishermen hailing from Tamil Nadu have been “traditionally fishing” in contentious Katchatheevu, Chief Minister Jayalalithaa on Thursday urged Prime Minister Manmohan Singh to ask Colombo to stop its navy from harassing them.Referring to the latest incident, she said fishermen in 45 boats fishing near Katchatheevu on June 26 were harassed by Sri Lankan Navy personnel. “You are aware that I have brought to your kind attention the various incidents of attack on Indian fishermen from Tamil Nadu by the Sri Lankan Navy/miscreants within the past 12 months and sought your intervention,” she said. The Chief Minister requested Singh to take up the issue with Sri Lanka and impress upon them the need to instruct their Navy to exercise restraint and refrain from harassing “innocent” Indian fishermen pursuing their livelihood in their traditional waters, she said.Katchatheevu, an islet on the Palk Straits, was ceded to Sri Lanka by India in 1974.Sri Lanka has been objecting to Tamil Nadu fishermen fishing in that area. (PTI) This latest incident of harassment has shocked the state of Tamil Nadu and created a “psychological fear” in the minds of the fishermen, she said.“I wish to reiterate that from time immemorial fishermen of Tamil Nadu have been traditionally fishing in the waters near Katchatheevu, notwithstanding any geographical or political boundaries,” she said. They reportedly chased the fishermen away after cutting the ropes and damaging nets of 10 boats, resulting in a huge loss to the fishermen, she said in a letter to Dr. Singh. read more

Sumanthiran says SIS was accused of killing Raviraj

Karuna Amman, or Vinayagamoorthy Muralitharan, broke away from the LTTE and was later appointed as Minister during Mahinda Rajapaksa’s presidency.The jury, however, deemed the available evidence insufficient to convict the accused.The legal process in the murder probe appears fraught with discrepancies, observed lawyers. The case involved two offences — one, under Sri Lanka’s Prevention of Terrorism Act (PTA) and another, a murder charge under the penal code. While the accused naval officers were remanded under the PTA that disallows bail, they were permitted a jury trial under provisions of the ordinary law, even though the PTA disallows trial by jury, said Mr. Sumanthiran. “So it was obvious that a few junior-level naval officers had not done this on their own. They are as responsible for carrying out someone’s orders, but it is only one small part of the puzzle. This happened ten years ago and we are still waiting to find out who gave the orders,” Sumanthiran told The Hindu on Sunday. “Under the PTA, a jury cannot pronounce the verdict as has now been done. It is illegal,” said Mr. Sumanthiran, who appeared for Raviraj’s wife in this case. Some see the recent outcome as a reflection of an apparent ethnic bias against the Tamils in the justice system. “Every time there is a case involving a Tamil leader there is this “us [Sinhalese] versus others [Tamils]” factor that comes into play,” says senior journalist and political commentator Kusal Perera. “Merely appointing a Tamil as Chief Justice does not challenge the structural biases within the system,” he said, referring to incumbent Chief Justice Kanagasabapathy Sripavan, who was appointed after Sri Lanka’s national unity government came to power in 2015. (Colombo Gazette) The acquittal of five persons charged with the murder of the Tamil legislator has renewed scepticism over the credibility of the country’s justice system, particularly in cases involving extra-judicial killings implicating the armed forces. Tamil National Alliance (TNA) parliamentarian and senior human rights lawyer M.A. Sumanthiran says the Criminal Investigations Department (CID) and Attorney-General’s Department had found evidence pointing to the involvement of the State Intelligence Service (SIS) in the assassination of former Parliamentarian Nadaraja Raviraj.Additionally, the public prosecutor’s indictment accused some “persons unknown to the prosecution” of being involved in the murder. Following the jury’s verdict, a Sri Lankan court on Saturday acquitted five men, including three Navy intelligence officers, accused of assassinating Raviraj in 2006. A Tamil National Alliance (TNA) parliamentarian and lawyer, Raviraj had actively sought to engage the Sinhalese on the Tamil national question, addressing them in Sinhala. On 10 November 2006, he and his bodyguard were shot dead on a busy road in Colombo.Giving evidence during the investigation, a former police constable who turned state witness, claimed that former Defence Secretary Gotabhaya Rajapaksa “had arranged a payment of Rs. 50 million to the Karuna faction to murder the MP.” read more

President orders strong measures to curb drug trafficking

The expectation of the President is to take every possible action to totally eliminate illegal drug trafficking and additional powers will be granted to the Police to carry out necessary action efficiently. The legal draft relating to this are being compiled on the President’s instructions. However, according to the special program for illegal drug raids implemented on the instructions of President Sirisena, a record amount of 280 kg of heroin was seized in the period of two months since November 01st and the Police Department has been able to file legal action against drug smugglers. President Maithripala Sirisena has given instructions to the relevant authorities to further strengthen raids related to illegal drug smuggling.After President Sirisena took over the Police Department under the Ministry of Defence, during the last two months the raids related to illegal drug smuggling were strengthened and there is a significant improvement in detection of illegal drugs, the President’s media division said. During the ten months period, commencing January 01st, 2018 to October 31st the total seizure of heroin was 184.6 kg. Thus within the past two months the 15,530 suspects were detained for illegal drug trafficking and they are being prosecuted in several courts.Towards freeing the next generation from drugs a massive program is conducted for eradicating drugs Island-wide and the President will assess its progress continuously. read more

UN workshop in Thailand helps prepare for conference on illegal gun trafficking

Aiming to prepare for an upcoming United Nations conference on illegal gun trafficking worldwide, some 70 participants from governments and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) across South and Southeast Asia have gathered in Thailand for a two-day workshop on specific aspects of the problem.The discussions in Bangkok will help lay the groundwork for the Review Conference on eradicating the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons, to be held in New York from 26 June to 7 July. Topics include the implementation of an international pact on marking and tracing, export/import controls, and supply and demand. Organized by the Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Asia and the Pacific of the Department for Disarmament Affairs, the workshop is sponsored by the Governments of Canada, Japan and Thailand, along with the UN Development Programme (UNDP).The June conference will review progress since an international action plan was adopted in 2001to fight the menace posed by small arms and light weapons. Among other provisions, countries agreed to ensure that licensed manufacturers apply an appropriate and reliable marking on each small arm and light weapon as an integral part of the production process. They also committed themselves to keeping comprehensive and accurate records for as long as possible on the manufacture, holding and transfer of small arms and light weapons under their jurisdiction. In addition, countries agreed to strengthen their ability to cooperate in identifying and tracing illicit small arms and light weapons and guaranteed that all confiscated, seized or collected small arms and light weapons should be destroyed. read more

Mexico UN rights office urges authorities to step up efforts to find

Speaking to reporters in Geneva earlier today, Ravina Shamdasani, spokesperson for the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), welcomed the work done by Mexican authorities in tracking the 43 missing students but added that their “mechanisms have not yet been successful” in resolving the disappearance. According to media reports, the students were last seen on 26 September as they arrived in Iguala to stage a protest. Upon debarking from their bus, the students were blocked by police who, by some accounts, were operating in collusion with a local criminal gang. The police then fired upon the students, killing six people, including a 15-year old child and three students, and injuring another 17 people, while the 43 students were then taken into custody. As a result of initial investigations, 52 people have been arrested in connection with the students’ disappearance, including at least 36 local police officers, and security forces, investigators and technical resources have been deployed to Iguala and the surrounding region. In addition, the Ministry of Interior and the Attorney General have established a direct dialogue with families, students and NGOs. Despite these efforts, the students remain missing. Ms. Shamdasani expressed concern that nine mass graves were discovered on the outskirts of Iguala and urged Mexican authorities to conduct “effective, prompt and impartial investigations so as to identify those who were buried in the mass graves and bring those responsible to justice.” She added that the UN Human Rights Office in Mexico was following closely these cases and was ready to provide any assistance that may be required. read more

UK passes EU new car CO2 emissions landmark

New cars registered last year in the UK collectively met a European target for CO2 emissions, according to a new report published today by industry body SMMT. In its New Car CO2 Report 2014, SMMT revealed that the average new car in the UK emits 128.3g/km CO2 – a 3.6% decrease over last year that passes the 2015 EU-wide fleet average target of 130g/km CO2.Vehicle makers have invested heavily to develop, deliver and market lower CO2-emitting cars, but progress has been supported by consumer buying behaviour, too. Through switching to more fuel-efficient vehicles in every class, the CO2 figure has tumbled. Registrations of cars in the Mini segment almost doubled against 2012, while the Supermini segment also showed solid growth. A new car is 20% more efficient than the average car in use, so consumers will notice a real difference when replacing their old car.Consumers also have a burgeoning choice when it comes to alternatively-fuelled vehicles (AFVs), with a threefold increase in the number of plug-in models on the market in the last three years alone. Registrations of AFVs grew 17.6% to 32,731 in 2013, with 7.7% accounted for by pure-electric vehicles. Government and industry’s new Go Ultra Low campaign (www.goultralow.com), which aims to raise awareness of the benefits of driving ultra-low emission vehicles (those producing less than 75g/km CO2), is set to boost these figures through this year.The UK is a vibrant centre for automotive R&D, and aims to strengthen this position through the joint government-industry Automotive Sector Strategy launched last year. A main focus of the Strategy is the Advanced Propulsion Centre, which will channel over £1 billion investment into the development of UK automotive into a world leader in the development of low-carbon technologies.Mike Hawes, SMMT Chief Executive, said, “The UK automotive industry should be proud of the progress it has made in improving the environmental impact of its vehicles. Average new car CO2 emissions are almost 30% lower than in 2000, boosted by increasing uptake of the most efficient engine technologies, alternatively-fuelled vehicles and the new Go Ultra Low campaign.“Through the Automotive Sector Strategy, it has been hugely encouraging to see government’s determination to ensure the UK is at the forefront of research, development and introduction of low carbon vehicles.”The full SMMT New Car CO2 Report 2014 is free to download from www.smmt.co.uk/industry-topics/emissions/co2-progress/.Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window) The average new car in the UK emits 128.3g/km CO2 – 3.6% less than last year and almost 30% better than in 2000.Figure marks UK’s achievement of pan-European 130g/km target for 2015 and continues the drive towards the 2020 target of 95g/km.Trend driven by increased fuel efficiency of new cars, helped by consumer movement towards more economical cars.Reduction in emissions from new cars has helped lower total CO2 emissions from all the cars on the road by more than 15% over the last decade.Government’s Automotive Sector Strategy aims to develop UK automotive into a world leader in low-carbon technology. read more

Speaker series to explore entrepreneurship research

The next instalment of the Goodman School of Business Luncheon Speaker Series will explore entrepreneurial business expectations.Eugene Kaciak, Goodman Professor of Management, will present the crowd with his co-authored paper, “Country-level determinants and consequences of overconfidence in the ambitious entrepreneurship segment,” on Friday, Feb. 2.The paper, recently published in the International Small Business Journal, focuses on the gap between the ambition of entrepreneurs and their follow-through.Although this gap, known in the research as ‘entrepreneurial overconfidence,’ exists universally, Kaciak analyzed how it varied by country to find out where entrepreneurs have the most realistic or unrealistic expectations of their business success.The research shows that a significant gap can have a detrimental effect on a country’s prosperity.In its 12th year, Goodman’s Luncheon Speaker Series provides an informal and engaging opportunity to listen and discuss recent advances in research, teaching and practices with colleagues internationally.The event is being held in Taro Hall 203 on Friday, Feb. 2 from 12:30 to 2 p.m. Space is limited. Goodman faculty, staff and graduate students are invited to attend. Brock community members wishing to attend can email Jennifer Brisson at jbrisson@brocku.ca to reserve a seat. read more

Debate Room Should the Irish abroad be allowed vote in presidential elections

first_img Tweet thisShare on FacebookEmail this article 428 Views If this referendum is passed, the numbers entitled to vote would increase by hundreds of thousands and quite possibly millions.Speaking last week in Philadelphia, The Taoiseach said: Today’s announcement is a profound recognition of the importance that Ireland attaches to all of our citizens, wherever they may be. It is an opportunity for us to make our country stronger by allowing all of our citizens resident outside the State, including our emigrants, to vote in future presidential elections.Should the diaspora have a say in Irish presidential elections? We asked two commentators to tell us what they think.YES. IRELAND’S MARRIAGE REFERENDUM in 2015 was a feel-good story for many reasons, and one of its enduring images will be the #HomeToVote campaign, where thousands of Irish living abroad made the journey back to Ireland so that their voices could be heard on that historic day.There is clearly a desire in Ireland’s recent emigrant community to stay engaged and help drive Ireland’s future. The government should recognise that fact and not make the right to vote dependent on whether its citizens can afford a plane ticket.That’s why I welcome the Taoiseach’s announcement to hold a referendum to allow Irish citizens living abroad to vote in presidential elections. It’s been a while coming. For one thing, it follows the 2013 recommendation of the Constitutional Convention, where members voted overwhelmingly in favour of the same motion that will now be put to a referendum.Many other democracies allow their citizens voteFor another, it begins Ireland on the path to joining its fellow democracies who have allowed their citizens overseas to vote for decades.America is one obvious example, but even closer to home, our British neighbours have allowed their citizens to vote abroad since the 1980s.Romania – a country with a diaspora rivalling Ireland’s in size and proportion – guarantees its citizens abroad the right to vote, leading to thousands lining the streets in cities across the world whenever an election is held.23 out of the 28 member states in the European Union allow voting for citizens overseas. Ireland clearly has some catching up to do.The issue of implementation will no doubt be debated There we should learn the lessons of other countries in how to do so transparently and efficiently, including a consideration of the parameters of eligibility. What’s more, Ireland already has some of the infrastructure already in place.Irish military and diplomatic personnel (as well as their spouses) have had the right to vote overseas since 1992. The fact is Irish citizens are already voting in Irish elections from abroad, the question is now about scale.Allowing emigrants a presidential vote is a first step. It shouldn’t be the last. Giving citizens abroad a vote for a largely symbolic office won’t do enough to address the obvious desire for engagement, especially from Ireland’s recent emigrants.The #HomeToVote campaign in 2015’s marriage referendum was a stirring spectacle, but it shouldn’t be the only way for an Irish citizen to exercise their rights. Ireland should think even bigger on how to address this reality. Croatia, Italy and Portugal have even allocated seats in their respective parliaments that are elected solely by their overseas citizens.Colm Quinn is an Irish citizen living in Washington DC. He emigrated to the United States in 2011 and works for CSIS, a foreign policy research institution. The views expressed above are his own.NO. THE IRISH DIASPORA has swelled even further since the economic downturn: OECD figures estimate that one in six Irish-born people now live abroad. And in our time of networks and soft power, this is a very sizeable demographic, and a well-educated and wealthy one too.But I’m not convinced they should get a say in who becomes president here. On the surface it might sound kind of reasonable. Let people have a say in the country they were forced to emigrate from. But think about it.Do we really want masses of emigrants being able to have their say in the running of the country without paying taxes here in Ireland or living here themselves.The numbersJoe McHugh, minister for the diaspora, has been fairly vague on what is being proposed by the Taoiseach but he has confirmed that around 1.8 million Irish citizens living abroad and 1.87 million people living in Northern Ireland, would be eligible to vote if the referendum was passed.Putting ballot papers into all of their hands is an unworkable proposition. In fact there are real dangers inherent in allowing non-residents to vote because they will never have to live with the consequences of that vote.Faraway hills can cloud judgementsJust think about how it would be for yourself. Would you in say 10 or 20 years outside of Ireland be voting in the same way as if you were actually living here in Ireland? Probably not. Faraway hills and all that.Then there’s the fear of the media exerting far too much of an influence on the views of those living overseas and the fact that people who might not be fully informed of Irish politics and politicians get to cast a vote.Now the stakes are not all that high in presidential elections but it is still about selecting our head of state. Do you remember the Boaty McBoatface result?I definitely don’t think they had the public’s humour in mind when The National Environment Research Council invited people to suggest boat names in an online vote. Do we want that sense of humour to put Nathan Carter in the Áras?The costThe government has said that probably only a small fraction of those eligible will actually vote. However, it’s estimated holding the initial referendum will cost around €19.4m after establishing a register of electors.Each subsequent vote for the presidency with the expanded electorate would then cost up to €21m. I can think of better uses of that cash.But ultimately, the bottom line here is that those who vote have to consider the personal consequences of that vote. Living here means you have to live with your decision. Nobody should have a say when they don’t have to live with the impact of their vote.Lorraine Courtney is a freelance journalist.What do you think? Should Irish abroad have the chance to select future presidents? Let us know what you think in the comment section below.Aodhán Ó Ríordáin: ‘It’s time Irish people stood up against racism. We were the terrorists at one time’>‘Syrians are increasingly likely to opt for a strongman like Assad, capable of bringing stability’> Short URL By Caitriona O’Neill and William Gallagher Wednesday 22 Mar 2017, 7:30 PM Debate Room: Should the Irish abroad be allowed vote in presidential elections? A referendum will be held on whether to allow Irish citizens living abroad vote in future presidential elections.center_img http://jrnl.ie/3297569 Caitriona O’Neill and William Gallagher Mar 22nd 2017, 7:30 PM 76 Comments Share255 Tweet Email1 last_img read more

The Ultimate Super Smash Bros Character Guide Link

first_img Link Breathes in The Wild!Super Smash Bros. Ultimate is huge. Not just in terms of hype and importance and sales potential, but just in terms of sheer stuff. The Nintendo Switch mascot fighter features over a hundred stages, nearly a thousand songs, and too many Pokemon and items and Assist Trophies to think of crammed onto a cartridge you can plan on the go or on a TV. When you have as many big franchises as Nintendo, putting them all in one game will make that game is very big boy indeed.But the biggest, most exciting thing about Super Smash Bros. Ultimate is its mind-blowing, heartwarming roster of playable characters. Fighting games pride themselves not just on the strength of their mechanics but the strength of its fighters, especially in a crossover fighters like this. And Super Smash Bros. Ultimate crushes all rivals by including every single playable character from the across the four previous games in the twenty-year-old series. Include the new combatants and so far we have over 70 fighters to wrap our heads around. We’re excited, but we’re also intimidated. So to get ready for Super Smash Bros. Ultimate, every day, character by character, we’re creating the ultimate guide to all of its characters. Today’s fighter: Link. ‘Super Smash Bros. Ultimate’ Was Final Mission From Late Nintendo President‘Undertale’s’ Sans Is Basically a Brand New ‘Sma… Who Are They?Mario may be the face of Nintendo, but to many hardcore fans Link and The Legend of Zelda series represent the true pinnacle of Nintendo game design. These epic action-adventures are among the most celebrated video games in existence, turning Link into an almost Campbellian mythical figure. Even his default name, Link, is meant to signify the link between the game and the player.Smash HistoryHaving both Mario and Link in the same game for the first time, Nintendo’s two heaviest hitters, is what gave the original Smash Bros. so much of its initial crossover appeal. Having a medieval fantasy character battling it out with an Italian plumber stretched out the possibility space as far as it would go. Link was also the first character in the series to use a sword, which is cool even if you don’t know Zelda. And he’s been in every Smash game since as one of its elder statesmen.What Looks New in Ultimate?As Link is reborn in a new era for each Zelda game, he changes his look and moves. Smash Bros. games have tried to represent that, shifting from Ocarina of Time Link to Twilight Princess Link. In Smash Ultimate, this version of Link comes from Nintendo Switch modern masterpiece The Legend of Zelda: Breath of the Wild. This means Link wears his blue Champion’s Tunic with no hat and receives a new Final Smash based on Ancient Arrows. But this tweaks his regular gameplay, too. He can remotely detonate bomb runes, shoot and pickup multiple arrows at once, and swipe sword beams when he is undamaged.Our Hopes?Link has always been a weird Smash Bros. character to me. He has a sword, but a bunch of other characters have a wider array of sword moves. Link is supposed to make more use of tricky projectiles like bombs and arrows and boomerangs, but I’ve never found them to be that fun in previous games. Plus he’s way heavier than you’d think. The remote bombs are a great change, as is the faster aerial movement for pretty much everyone, but I’m hoping Ultimate encourages me to use everything Link has to offer.Super Smash Bros. Ultimate releases Dec. 7 for Nintendo Switch. Until we can play more for ourselves, changes we talk about here are mostly speculation. For more thoughts check out our Smash hands-on as well as cool Switch games to play that aren’t Smash Bros., because those definitely exist.View as: One Page Slides1/761. Read Mario’s Guide2. Read Donkey Kong’s Guide3. Read Link’s Guide4. Read Samus’s Guide5. Read Dark Samus’s Guide6. Read Yoshi’s Guide7. Read Kirby’s Guide8. Read Fox’s Guide9. Read Pikachu’s Guide10. Read Luigi’s Guide11. Read Ness’s Guide12. Read Captain Falcon’s Guide13. Read Jigglypuff’s Guide14. Read Peach’s Guide15. Read Daisy’s Guide16. Read Bowser’s Guide17. Read Ice Climbers’ Guide18. Read Sheik’s Guide19. Read Zelda’s Guide20. Read Dr. Mario’s Guide21. Read Pichu’s Guide22. Read Falco’s Guide23. Read Marth’s Guide24. Read Lucina’s Guide25. Read Young Link’s Guide26. Read Ganondorf’s Guide27. Read Mewtwo’s Guide28. Read Roy’s Guide29. Read Chrom’s Guide30. Read Mr. Game and Watch’s Guide31. Read Meta Knight’s Guide32. Read Pit’s Guide33. Read Dark Pit’s Guide34. Read Zero Suit Samus’s Guide35. Read Wario’s Guide36. Read Snake’s Guide37. Read Ike’s Guide38. Read Pokemon Trainer’s Guide39. Read Diddy Kong’s Guide40. Read Lucas’s Guide41. Read Sonic’s Guide42. Read King Dedede’s Guide43. Read Olimar’s Guide44. Read Lucario’s Guide45. Read R.O.B.’s Guide46. Read Toon Link’s Guide47. Read Wolf’s Guide48. Read Villager’s Guide49. Read Mega Man’s Guide50. Read Wii Fit Trainer’s Guide51. Read Rosalina and Luma’s Guide52. Read Little Mac’s Guide53. Read Greninja’s Guide54. Read Mii Fighters’ Guide55. Read Palutena’s Guide56. Read Pac-Man’s Guide57. Read Robin’s Guide58. Read Shulk’s Guide59. Read Bowser Jr.’s Guide60. Read Duck Hunt’s Guide61. Read Ryu’s Guide62. Read Cloud’s Guide63. Read Corrin’s Guide64. Read Bayonetta’s Guide65. Read Inkling’s Guide66. Read Ridley’s Guide67. Read Simon’s Guide68. Read Richter’s Guide69. Read King K. Rool’s Guide70. Read Isabelle’s Guide71. Read Ken’s Guide72. Read Incineroar’s Guide73. Read Piranha Plant’s Guide74. Read Joker’s Guide75. Read Hero’s Guide76. Read Banjo and Kazooie’s Guidecenter_img Stay on targetlast_img read more

Giroud Higuains arrival darkens my Chelsea future

first_imgChelsea striker Olivier Giroud revealed that Gonzalo Higuain’s arrival certainly darkens his future and opened the door towards a potential return to France.The French World Cup winner left his homeland in 2012 for Arsenal after helping Montpellier beat Paris Saint-Germain to the Ligue 1 title.Last year then saw Giroud make a controversial switch to Arsenal’s London rivals Chelsea after a lack of game time at the Emirates Stadium.However, under coach Maurizio Sarri, Giroud has fared little better with just six starts in the Premier League this season.This has led to reports linking Giroud with a return to France with both Marseille and Lyon.Speaking to CANAL Foot Club, prior to Higuain’s arrival last week, Giroud indicated a return to Ligue 1 could happen even if his priority is to remain in England.“I will never make people unanimously satisfied with me,” admitted Giroud.Harry Maguire, Manchester UnitedSolskjaer praises Harry Maguire after Man United’s 1-0 win Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Ole Gunnar Solskjaer singled out Harry Maguire for praise after helping Manchester United keep a clean sheet in their 1-0 win over Leicester City.“There is a little part of regret and frustration. The public expects a goalscorer to score goals. I’m the fourth best goalscorer of French football and nobody can take that away from me.“The coach makes [Eden] Hazard play nine which is detrimental to strikers. But he is the best player I’ve ever played with.“If the club decides to get another striker, like Higuain, it will certainly darken my future at Chelsea.“I’ve never said no to a return to France. Lyon and Marseille are two great clubs. My priority is to stay in the Premier League though.”Higuain made his Chelsea debut on Sunday in their 3-0 FA Cup win over Sheffield Wednesday at Stamford Bridge and was replaced by Giroud in the 82nd-minute of the fourth-round clash.The Blues will next take a trip to the Vitality Stadium where they will face Bournemouth in a Premier League match on Wednesday with kick-off set for 20:45 (CET).last_img read more

Barkley defends underfire Chelsea coach Sarri

first_imgRoss Barkley is confident that Chelsea will overcome their rough patch of form under Maurizio Sarri and become a success with time.The pressure on Sarri has reached a boiling point lately on the back of Chelsea’s recent results in the Premer League, which has seen suffer heavy defeats to both Bournemouth and Manchester City in the past month.Currently, the Blues are down in sixth-place in the standings and in danger of missing out on Champions League football for a second consecutive season.Today’s Carabao Cup final against City at Wembley is being viewed as one of the three key games Sarri has left to convince the Chelsea board to stick with him amid reports they’ve grown increasingly concerned by the club’s struggles.Speaking to reporters on Saturday, the former Napoli coach lamented the fact that he must deliver right now while “lucky” City counterpart Pep Guardiola was given all the time he needed.But Barkley is confident the team are adapting to Sarri’s footballing philosophy and urged the Chelsea board to give the Italian time.“He [Sarri] tries to improve every player. Throughout his career, you can see at Napoli how well he did with the players he had, how well he improved them,” said Barkley, according to The Telegraph.Harry Maguire, Manchester UnitedLiverpool legend Nicol slams Harry Maguire’s Man United form Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Steve Nicol believes Harry Maguire has made some “horrendous mistakes” recently, and has failed to find his best form since joining Manchester United.“You can see on the training pitch a lot of things improving in each individual. We went through a bit of an up and down spell in the last couple of weeks, but we’re confident we’ll come through it and achieve success.“With each individual, everybody takes instructions in a different way. We’re all top-class players and we all want to learn more. With the manager, we’re learning on a day-to-day basis.“If you compare Pep Guardiola’s first season, they went through a bit of an up and down spell. When I was at Everton, we beat Manchester City 4-0.“The Premier League is the most competitive in the world. You can have an off day one day, a good game the other. It’s more repetition in training and results will come through.”The 25-year-old added: “We’ve got the ambition to be one of the best footballing sides in the world. We’re one of the biggest clubs in the world. The style of play the manager wants to play it’s not where it’s at right now. Over time it will come.”The English midfielder has managed five goals and assists in 36 appearances under Sarri at Chelsea this season.The Carabao Cup final between City and Chelsea will begin at 5:30 PM (CET) at Wembley today.BURNLEY, ENGLAND – OCTOBER 28: Ross Barkley of Chelsea celebrates scoring his teams second goal during the Premier League match between Burnley FC and Chelsea FC at Turf Moor on October 28, 2018 in Burnley, United Kingdom. (Photo by Nigel Roddis/Getty Images)last_img read more

Robinhood may have stored your password in plaintext

first_img Equifax breach: You can now file a claim for your share of the $700M settlement John McAfee ‘released from confinement’ How to become a privacy ninja: Use these journalist tools NSA aims to up its cybersecurity game Now playing: Watch this: Annette Riedl/picture alliance via Getty Images Robinhood warned its customers in an email Wednesday that their passwords may have been stored in plaintext. The stock trading service said it discovered the issue on Monday night, when it found “some user credentials” stored in readable formats on its internal systems.”Your Robinhood password may have been included,” Robinhood said in the email. “We resolved this issue, and after thorough review, found no evidence that this information was accessed by anyone outside of our response team.”Still, it recommends changing your password.A Robinhood spokesperson told CNET sister site ZDNet via phone that not all users were impacted, but did not say how many were. Passwords are now being hashed using the Bcrypt algorithm, according to a help page, ZDNet added. Share your voice Inside a password-free future Tags 2:46 Security on CNET null Computers Security 0last_img read more

Nifty Sensex rebound after report of likely FPI tax rollback

first_imgReuters fileIndian shares rebounded from a sharp fall on Friday, following a media report that the government could soon announce a rollback of higher taxes for foreign portfolio investors (FPIs).As of 0511 GMT, the broader NSE Nifty was up 0.37% at 10,781.75, while the benchmark BSE Sensex was up 0.24% at 36,559.16. The indexes were lower by more than 0.80% in early trade on Friday.Yes Bank Ltd was the top gainer on the NSE and BSE indexes, rising 6.7% after a series of sharp declines in recent sessions.The NSE index was still on course to end nearly 3% lower for the week following three straight days in the red.Other Asian markets also remained subdued, with uncertainty over how much further the U.S. Federal Reserve would cut rates added to caution caused by global growth fears.MSCI’s broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan was higher by 0.08%.A government official told Bloomberg News that India could announce a rollback of taxes for foreign portfolio investors (FPIs), BloombergQuint said in a tweet.A poorly received budget proposal on higher taxes for FPIs has contributed to a selloff in Indian markets, which has worsened amid an economic slowdown that has hit demand for everything from cars to underwear.A series of meetings this month between Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman and FPIs, and between Sitharaman and Prime Minister Narendra Modi had raised hopes of stimulus measures.But markets fell on Thursday after comments from India’s chief economic advisor suggested that companies should not depend on the government for a stimulus and need to change their mindset.last_img read more

Vote for Justice Equality and Democracy

first_imgBy Camille O. Cosby, Special to NNPA NewswireMy husband, Bill Cosby, was recently victimized by a malicious District Attorney and an equally vicious judge. This is not the first time that my husband has been persecuted by corrupt and self-serving politicians. In the late 1960’s and early 1970’s, Bill Cosby, along with hundreds of other people, was secretly and illegally harassed by a president of the United States.It was 1973, during the Watergate hearings, when the Enemies List of President Richard M. Nixon was disclosed by Mr. Nixon’s White House Counsel, John Dean. Bill and I were stunned that such a list existed and that Bill’s name was on that list. Soon, the answers to questions about Bill kicked in: that’s why those federal agents would appear, unannounced, at our home and his workplaces; that’s why there had been multiple tax audits within one year; that’s why hateful propaganda about Bill was disseminated by media…with an extensive goal of ending his believability and livelihood; and numerous other “that’s why” enlightenments.Camille O. CosbyThere was another explosive document that was submitted during the hearings…one that deeply resonates with me, even today. It was a memorandum from Mr. Dean on how to effectively weaken Mr. Nixon’s enemies…“how we can best screw them (e.g.: litigation, prosecution, etc.).”Now, I am going to fast-forward to two current, collaborative, corrupt politicians. Both exist in the Montgomery County Courthouse in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania and both, like Mr. Nixon, are intent on destroying Bill Cosby…whether for their toxic ambitions or simply in furtherance of racial hatred. One of those men never presented credible, admissible evidence of his charges, and the other has not allowed the truth of Bill’s innocence to be put forward.The following are specific examples that illustrate their true agenda:Re: District Attorney Kevin R. SteeleUnethical Campaign Promise: During the 2015 election for District Attorney, Steele campaigned on a promise to prosecute Bill Cosby. That promise purposely converted Bill’s case into a political issue for Steele’s own gain. At the time, Steele was running against the former prosecutor, Bruce Castor, who had made a binding decision not to prosecute Bill in 2005. Steele’s unethical promise undermined Castor’s political career…it also undermined the rule of law in America by violating the rule that trials be impartial and not done for corrupt political purposes.Racially Charged Statement: During the jury selection process, M. Stewart Ryan, the assistant prosecutor, made a racially charged statement in the courtroom hallway. The defense team tried to raise Ryan’s statement in front of the judge, who repeatedly interrupted one of the defense lawyers when she was trying to make the argument. The prosecution, which picked an almost exclusively white jury, called the focus on Ryan’s statement “ludicrous,” and the judge refused to grant relief to Bill Cosby.Failure to Disclose Evidence: Prosecutors interviewed Marguerite Jackson more than a decade ago, but failed to disclose the facts of that interview…or her statements…to the defense team before the first trial. Ms. Jackson stated that Andrea Constand had talked about making up a story of sexual assault in order to “get money.” The prosecution actually destroyed their own notes of the meeting they had with Ms. Jackson, and allowed Constand to testify falsely at the first trial that she had never met Ms. Jackson, even though the prosecution had learned that the two women worked closely together…and shared hotel rooms together…while Constand was employed at Temple University. When the prosecution finally informed the defense team about these facts shortly before the second trial, the defense lawyers were able to introduce Ms. Jackson as a witness. Even so, the impact of Ms. Jackson’s testimony was undermined by the actions of a corrupt judge.Re: Judge Steven T. O’NeillMarital Donation to Protesters: Before the second trial, the defense team learned that O’Neill’s wife had donated to the Women Organized Against Rape…the group organizing protests against Bill Cosby outside the courthouse. O’Neill refused to recuse himself despite his wife’s affiliation with that group and her public statements that accusers should be believed and trusted “no matter the details.” O’Neill then compounded the harm to Bill by allowing Dr. Barbara Ziv to testify that accusers must be believed at all times…just as his wife had said.Biased Jury Pool: During jury selection, O’Neill refused to excuse a white, male juror, who had stated about Bill Cosby: “I just think he’s guilty, so we can all be done and get out of here.” When the defense team raised the juror’s bias, O’Neill admonished them for delaying jury selection. Ultimately, O’Neill agreed to hear the issue; but he still denied the defense team’s motion. If O’Neill had allowed the biased juror to be replaced, one of the two black alternate jurors would have been seated; instead, O’Neill allowed the biased juror to remain on the jury.Feud with Defense Witness: O’Neill assigned himself to the case against Bill Cosby and then presided over a hearing at which he knew Bruce Castor would be a critical witness for the defense. O’Neill and Castor had been political rivals in 1998 and 1999; and, during that campaign, O’Neill’s affair with a woman in Castor’s office was exposed. Unbeknownst to the defense team during trial, O’Neill never forgave Castor, blaming him for exposing the affair. According to Castor’s sworn affidavit, O’Neill viewed the case against Bill, whom Castor had declined to prosecute, as a way to criticize and get back at Castor. Indeed, O’Neill actually took over the prosecution’s questioning of Castor before ruling against Bill on the basis that Castor’s testimony was not believable.On the eve of this very important election day, these examples remind me of the dangers we faced during Mr. Nixon’s presidency. Both then and now, the American people have been dangerously close to being governed by a dictatorship…a dictatorship intent on serving its own greedy interests even when it results in eradicating the laws that protect humanity. Many of today’s politicians…especially those who are heavily financed by particular corporate entities…are becoming increasingly dangerous enemies of our human rights. However, history teaches us that we, the People of the United States, can purge this danger from our nation’s political offices. Indeed, Mr. Nixon’s corrupt presidency was finally brought to an end when the people rose up and demanded that their representatives be held accountable. We must do the same today.America defines itself as a democracy; unequivocally, America has not accomplished that definition yet…but, we, the People, can help it do so. Tomorrow, voters have the opportunity to choose who will represent them…not just in Congress, but in thousands of state, county, and city positions across the country, like district attorney or trial judge. Our ancestors fought for the right to make these choices. They were jailed, were beaten, were killed for fighting for our right to vote. Yet, too often, we do not exercise that most important right. We overlook the mid-term elections because we forget how greatly they can impact our lives. But, as I learned from Steele’s election in 2015, a corrupt politician at any level is a danger to the American people, and even more so when that politician has promised to act in service of his own toxic ambitions and racial hatred. In tomorrow’s mid-term elections, the People of the United States must vote as though their lives depend on it because their lives…and their freedom…very well might.I encourage everyone to vote tomorrow.Camille O. Cosby is the eldest offspring of Guy and Catherine Hanks’s four children, according to her biography at IMDB.com. Imbued with an immense intellect and sense of social responsibility, she has long been an advocate for education and for the continued financial support of the United States’ historically African-American colleges and universities (HBCUs). Along with her husband Bill Cosby, she donated $20 million in 1988 to Spelman College, the prestigious and historically African-American women’s college located in Atlanta, Ga. Together, Camille and Bill have donated more than $200 million to schools and universities and they’ve also contributed countless pieces of historic artwork to the Smithsonian museums.The opinions on this page are those of the writers and not necessarily those of the AFRO.Send letters to The Afro-American • 1531 S. Edgewood St. Baltimore, MD 21227 or fax to 1-877-570-9297 or e-mail to editor@afro.com.last_img read more

Analysis of crocodile retina reveals trait that makes lying in wait easier

first_img More information: Nicolas Nagloo et al. Spatial resolving power and spectral sensitivity of the saltwater crocodile,, and the freshwater crocodile,, The Journal of Experimental Biology (2016). DOI: 10.1242/jeb.135673ABSTRACTCrocodilians are apex amphibious predators that occupy a range of tropical habitats. In this study, we examined whether their semi-aquatic lifestyle and ambush hunting mode are reflected in specific adaptations in the peripheral visual system. Design-based stereology and microspectrophotometry were used to assess spatial resolving power and spectral sensitivity of saltwater (Crocodylus porosus) and freshwater crocodiles (Crocodylus johnstoni). Both species possess a foveal streak that spans the naso-temporal axis and mediates high spatial acuity across the central visual field. The saltwater crocodile and freshwater crocodile have a peak spatial resolving power of 8.8 and 8.0 cycles deg−1, respectively. Measurement of the outer segment dimensions and spectral absorbance revealed five distinct photoreceptor types consisting of three single cones, one twin cone and a rod. The three single cones (saltwater/freshwater crocodile) are violet (424/426 nm λmax), green (502/510 nm λmax) and red (546/554 nm λmax) sensitive, indicating the potential for trichromatic colour vision. The visual pigments of both members of the twin cones have the same λmax as the red-sensitive single cone and the rod has a λmax at 503/510 nm (saltwater/freshwater). The λmax values of all types of visual pigment occur at longer wavelengths in the freshwater crocodile compared with the saltwater crocodile. Given that there is a greater abundance of long wavelength light in freshwater compared with a saltwater environment, the photoreceptors would be more effective at detecting light in their respective habitats. This suggests that the visual systems of both species are adapted to the photic conditions of their respective ecological niche. New look at crocodile eyes Most people have seen, if only on video, the silent means by which crocodiles hunt—with their bodies just below the surface and only their eyes and part of their snout visible—they wait for prey to wander close enough to grab with their long tooth filled maws. Now, in this new effort, the researchers have found a feature of their eyes that assists them in this type of hunting; the fovea, which is an area of receptors in the back of the eyeball that are set very close to one another, and in the case of crocodiles, they are formed as a long streak, rather than as a circular spot seen in other animals. It allows, the team explains, the animal to scan the near horizon without having to move its head at all—that makes it easier to sneak up on unsuspecting animals.The researchers report that they also found a major difference between the eyes of the saltwater crocs, versus their freshwater counterparts—the numbers of different types of photoreceptors in the retina. Freshies, as they are called, had more that were responsive to red light, whereas salties had more that were responsive to blue light. This, the team reports, makes sense because saltwater tends to have more blue light in it, while freshwater has more red in it. But, that is only a partial explanation, the team adds, because but both types of crocs have blurry vision when underwater. This, they suggest, means that the crocs do something under water that is still unknown, which is odd, because they do most of their hunting and mating on land. Both types do have the stretched fovea, they note, allowing them to lurk beneath the water without having to lift their heads, making their presence easier to mask—a feature, they report, that has not been seen in any other animal. Freshwater crocodile at Australia Zoo. Credit: Benchill /Wikipedia CC BY 3.0 Citation: Analysis of crocodile retina reveals trait that makes lying in wait easier (2016, May 9) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-05-analysis-crocodile-retina-reveals-trait.html Journal information: Journal of Experimental Biologycenter_img (Phys.org)—A team of researchers with the University of Western Australia, Crawley has discovered new details about crocodile vision that helps explain how it is they are so adept at waiting just under the water surface to capture prey that wanders too near. In their paper published in the Journal of Experimental Biology, the team describes their study of the eyeballs of both saltwater and freshwater crocodiles living in Australia, the differences between them, and a unique part of the retina they found. Explore further © 2016 Phys.org This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

How to troubleshoot Microsoft Edge hangs

first_imgHow to troubleshoot Microsoft Edge hangs by Martin Brinkmann on May 09, 2016 in Internet Explorer – Last Update: July 05, 2017 – 9 commentsThe new Windows 10 web browser Microsoft Edge is rather bare bones when it comes to tools that it provides you for troubleshooting issues you experience in the browser.Yesterday for instance, I ran into an issue that would prevent a page from loading at all. Edge would hang, and since the tab was already open in the browser, closing and opening it again would not do a thing about it.Whenever Edge opened, the browser would hang and I could do nothing as controls such as closing tabs or the settings were not working.Microsoft Edge does not ship with a native reset function. That’s surprising considering that Internet Explorer offers one.As far as I know, there is no option currently to run a reset command similar to this that affects Microsoft Edge.This leaves you with two options when it comes to hangs or freezes that you are experiencing while using the browser.Unfortunately, they are not as simple as holding down Shift before start to launch Safe Mode (which Firefox supports for instance).When it comes to Edge, you have two options to deal with those issues:Try to force the issue in the browser.Remove Microsoft Edge from the system and install it again.Forcing the issueYesterday when I was experiencing the issue I tried a couple of things first. Hit the close button next to tabs but those were not responding. Tried the menu but it would not open, and any shortcut that would close tabs or perform other actions in the browser did not work as well.After closing and starting Edge for a dozen times or so, the message xyz is not responding appeared. I’m not sure what triggered the message but a recover webpage button was displayed next to it which would try and fix the issue (the hang) on its own.Resetting Microsoft EdgeThe following method removes Microsoft Edge from the system before it installs it again. It is suggested that you create a system backup first before you proceed to ensure that you can restore the system should things go wrong along the way.Microsoft Edge cannot be uninstalled directly as it is a system application (an app that ships with Windows 10).Note: Resetting Microsoft Edge removes favorites, open tabs, the browsing history, other custom data and custom settings from the browser.What you can do however is remove the files of the browser from the system instead.Start by opening File Explorer and going to the following path using it (simply paste it into the address bar)C:\Users\%username%\AppData\Local\Packages\Microsoft.MicrosoftEdge_8wekyb3d8bbweFirst thing you may want to do is go back to Packages, select the root Microsoft.MicrosoftEdge_8wekyb3d8bbwe folder and copy it to another location. This is another safeguard to make sure you can restore the package should things go wrong.Once you have done that, it is time to delete the contents of the folder. Open Microsoft.MicrosoftEdge_8wekyb3d8bbwe again, select everything using Ctrl-A, and hit the delete-key on the keyboard afterwards.Note: you may have to perform the delete operation multiple times. If a folder won’t delete, open it and start deleting content inside first.You should end up with an empty folder in the end.Once you have deleted Microsoft Edge from your system, you need to run a command to get it back.Use Windows-X to display a menu in the lower left corner of the screen.Select Command Prompt (Admin) from it.Confirm the UAC prompt that appears by selecting yes.Type powershell and hit enter.Paste the command Get-AppXPackage -AllUsers -Name Microsoft.MicrosoftEdge | Foreach {Add-AppxPackage -DisableDevelopmentMode -Register “$($_.InstallLocation)\AppXManifest.xml” -Verbose} and hit enter.Note: You may get interrupted actions notifications in File Explorer. Try them again, but if they don’t work, skip the actions.Try to launch Microsoft Edge afterwards.If everything worked well, you should see the get started screen which Microsoft Edge displays on first run.Once you have made sure that the browser works again, you can go ahead and delete the copy of the old Edge folder that you have made.SummaryArticle NameHow to troubleshoot Microsoft Edge hangsDescriptionFind out what you can do if Microsoft Edge freezes or hangs when you open it or while you are using the web browser.Author Martin BrinkmannPublisher Ghacks Technology NewsLogo Advertisementlast_img read more