The multi-touch steering wheel hardware. Image: Tanja Döring et al. © 2010 PhysOrg.com Lane departure warning systems help drowsy drivers avoid crashes With the numerous technological advances such as mobile phones and texting, the need to keep drivers focused on the road is the idea behind the development of this touch-screen steering wheel. With standard vehicle controls being behind the steering wheel or in the center console, making changes requires the driver to look away from the road. Albrecht Schmidt, a computer science professor who worked on the project believes by creating gesture-enabled steering wheel, drivers will be able to spend more time focused on the road.The steering wheel is made out of 11 millimeter thick acrylic that is ringed with infrared LEDs. There is an infrared camera that is attached to the bottom that detects reflections when the screen is touched. Gestures can be made on the screen without the driver ever having to take their hands off the steering wheel.To create the prototype, researchers asked participants what movements and gestures they currently used on technological devices in order to create the gestures for some 20 commands. Gestures such as pinching two fingers in order to zoom or tracing out the first letter of a command are some that have been included.Once they had established all the different general commands and gestures, the researchers then had participants test the steering wheel in a simulator. The data from the study shows that the new prototype was able to substantially reduce the amount of time a driver needed to take his eyes off the road.Down the road, they believe the technology could include things such as the ability to project information directly onto the windshield as well as a sensor system designed to check road conditions and traffic and alert a driver to stay focused on the road.The prototype was presented at the Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems and the researchers are currently speaking with automotive companies to look at the possibility of getting this technology into vehicles in the near future. Citation: Touch-screen steering wheel keeps drivers focused on the road (2011, June 6) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-06-touch-screen-wheel-drivers-focused-road.html (PhysOrg.com) — A team of researchers from the University of Stuttgart, University of Duisburg-Essen and the German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence have created a prototype automotive steering wheel that uses a touch screen to enable the driver to control things such as the radio or navigate a map without having to take their eyes off the road. Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. More information: Research papers are available here and here.
More information: Broad range of 2050 warming from an observationally constrained large climate model ensemble, Nature Geoscience (2012) doi:10.1038/ngeo1430AbstractIncomplete understanding of three aspects of the climate system—equilibrium climate sensitivity, rate of ocean heat uptake and historical aerosol forcing—and the physical processes underlying them lead to uncertainties in our assessment of the global-mean temperature evolution in the twenty-first century1, 2. Explorations of these uncertainties have so far relied on scaling approaches3, 4, large ensembles of simplified climate models1, 2, or small ensembles of complex coupled atmosphere–ocean general circulation models5, 6 which under-represent uncertainties in key climate system properties derived from independent sources7, 8, 9. Here we present results from a multi-thousand-member perturbed-physics ensemble of transient coupled atmosphere–ocean general circulation model simulations. We find that model versions that reproduce observed surface temperature changes over the past 50 years show global-mean temperature increases of 1.4–3 K by 2050, relative to 1961–1990, under a mid-range forcing scenario. This range of warming is broadly consistent with the expert assessment provided by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fourth Assessment Report10, but extends towards larger warming than observed in ensembles-of-opportunity5 typically used for climate impact assessments. From our simulations, we conclude that warming by the middle of the twenty-first century that is stronger than earlier estimates is consistent with recent observed temperature changes and a mid-range ‘no mitigation’ scenario for greenhouse-gas emissions. (PhysOrg.com) — Over the past several years, researchers have built a variety of computer simulations created to predict Earth’s climate in the future. Most recently, most models have suggested that over the next fifty years, we’ll see an average worldwide rise in temperature of perhaps 1°C. Now a new group of simulations, using the combined computing power of thousands of personal computers, says that number is too low, and that we might see temperatures rise as much as 3°C, which would of course, be a far more serious situation. The simulations, run by climateprediction.net in conjunction with the BBC Climate Change Experiment, resulted in predictions of a rise in temperature ranging from 1.4°C to 3.0°C by 2050. The large team involved in the project has published their findings in Nature Geoscience. Warming of two degrees inevitable over Canada: study Explore further Journal information: Nature Climate Change © 2012 PhysOrg.com , Nature Geoscience While very few if any climate scientists expect a rise of 3°C would destroy our way of life, such a change would almost certainly result in much higher ocean levels, permanently flooding many coastal areas. Many also see a rise of 2°C, as the tipping point, or point of no return, which could some time in the distant future spell doom for our species if not our planet. Many suggest that such a rise could also have a profound impact on weather systems. One recent study by a team of researchers and published in Nature Climate Change, reports on findings that suggest recent weather patterns are already showing signs of change due to global warming. A higher incidence of tornadoes in the US, a heat wave in Russian, flooding in Pakistan, etc. are all linked to elevated temperatures.The new computer simulation model was a modification of one already used by the UK’s meteorological agency to predict global temperature changes. It was modified to more accurately take into account carbon emissions, how fast oceans absorb heat, and heat reflected back into space by aerosols in the atmosphere. The simulation was then run over 10,000 times on personal computers offered for service by home computer users, each with slightly different parameters and each covering the period 1920 to 2080. Every simulation also ran with the assumption that carbon emissions would continue to be spewed into the atmosphere at the same rate as occurs today. Once data was received from all the simulations, the researchers discarded those findings that didn’t make sense in a contextual sense. Of those remaining, none showed an increase of less than 1°C over temperatures from just a decade ago, while nearly 15% of them showed a rise of as much as 3°C by the year 2050.While this new simulation isn’t definitive proof that temperatures worldwide will increase as much as predicted over the next thirty eight years, it most definitely is a warning that we as a species would be putting ourselves in peril if we don’t find a way to stop pumping carbon emissions into the atmosphere sooner rather than later. Citation: New simulation predicts higher average Earth temperatures by 2050 than other models (2012, March 26) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-03-simulation-higher-average-earth-temperatures.html Evolution of uncertainties in reconstructed global-mean temperature projections. Image (c) Nature Geoscience (2012) doi:10.1038/ngeo1430 This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Test pilot Yates is now the first person to ever fly an electric aircraft faster than 200 miles per hour, in his test flight last week at the Inyokern Airport in California’s Mojave Desert. The plane that he flew is called the Long-ESA, (for Electric Speed and Altitude). The aircraft is a modified Long-EZ, serving as a development platform for a new electric aircraft system which will be utilized for a flight across the Atlantic later on. The transatlantic flight is scheduled for 2014. Explore further (Phys.org) — Last week’s record of the fastest ever manned electric aircraft was set by electric-vehicle record-setter Chip Yates. He already had credentials as holding the world record for fastest electric motorcycle going over 196 mph last year. As a test pilot this time around, Yates flew an electric airplane and achieved 202.6 mph in level flight. This topped the previous record of 175 mph last year by the electric aircraft Cri-Cri. The latter, flown by French pilot Hugues Duval, broke the record during the Paris Air Show. The aircraft was powered by a pair of 35-horsepower electric motors and a pair of lithium polymer batteries. World’s first aircraft with serial hybrid electric drive The electric Long-ESA, powered by a 258 horsepower electric motor, is being worked on by electric aerospace company Flight of the Century (FOTC), where Yates is CEO, as an R&D plane for development of the company’s “mid-air recharging technology.” The company team converted Burt Rutan’s Long-EZ airplane (Rutan is an aerospace engineer) for the trial flight. In a two-month workup at the FOTC site, the plane’s gasoline power was converted over to electric power. Just how much can an electric plane achieve? So far, engineers looking at the electric plane’s future in practical terms are concerned the most with range rather than speed, and news of speed records command less attention than longevity of flight. In recognition, Yates hopes his speed runs will help develop the technology needed for longer-endurance flights and more practical electric aircraft. Yesterday’s flight of the electric Long-ESA lasted only 16 minutes. There was a hitch when Yates realized that a battery had been run too low and he had to land sooner than expected. Long-ESA will be given a more capable battery pack as part of subsequent work. The company expects a top speed of 230 to 250 mph with the full-size battery pack in place in September.Yates, meanwhile, is bringing the Long-ESA to the 2012 EAA AirVenture Oshkosh event, which runs July 23 to July 29, where the craft will go on display and where he will present his flight data. FOTC engineers worked on the test program to generate data, video and knowledge in time to share with attendees. After Oshkosh, the company intends to equip the Long-ESA with a custom designed lithium-ion series of battery packs and a front-mounted recharging probe to test mid-air tethering and battery jettison along with “rebalance” technologies. Beyond this test flight, the core mission behind FOTC is to extend the range and endurance of an electric-powered aircraft by replacing battery packs in flight using its mid-air refueling technique of “flying battery packs,” drones full of batteries, for various ground or ocean stations. A UAV would detach from the “mothership” once the batteries are depleted and fly down to a recharging station as a freshly charged battery pack is launched to dock with the aircraft. © 2012 Phys.org Citation: Record-setting electric airplane exceeds 200-mph (w/ Video) (2012, July 23) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-07-record-setting-electric-airplane-mph-video.html More information: www.flightofthecentury.com/
© 2014 Phys.org Journal information: Science (Phys.org) —A team of researchers working in Spain has developed an improved way to control surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) in graphene. In their paper published in the journal Science, the team describes their new technique and the ways it might someday be used. Explore further Research group devises a way to control surface plasmon polaritons Credit: University of Manchester Citation: Physics team develops simple way of controlling surface plasmon polaritons in graphene (2014, May 23) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2014-05-physics-team-simple-surface-plasmon.html A plasmon is defined as a quantum of plasma oscillation and is generally considered to be a quasiparticle. Polaritons are quasiparticles that arise when plasmons couple with photons—and as their name implies SPPs are polaritons that exist on the surface of a material and propagate into it. Researchers at several facilities are currently studying the properties of SPPs in an effort to create extremely tiny devices that operate both optically and electronically. In order to make that happen, a means must be developed of controlling the size and shape of SPPs—that’s what the team in Spain has achieved.SPPs can be made to occur in metals, but prior research has shown that graphene is a better material because SPPs can propagate deeper into it. Two years ago, the same research team in Spain (working with others) developed a way to create and image SPPs in graphene using a near-field scanning optical microscope. With this latest effort, they’ve taken that work further with the development of a method that allows for actually controlling the SPPs. To make it happen, they covered a sheet of graphene with extremely tiny (3 μm) antennas made of gold—the antennas absorb photons at a given frequency. Doing so created an optical dipole which caused the creation of evanescent light. Because the antenna was directly connected to the graphene, SPPs were created from the near field—changing the antenna size allowed for altering the SPPs that were created. The team found that a straight antenna caused the creation of planar SPP waves. When the antenna had a concave tip, the SPP waves were focused to a single point. The team also found that the SPP waves could be refracted using a two-dimensional bilayer graphene prism.More research must be done with SPPs before they can be used to create opto/electronic devices, however, because the distance they propogate into the graphene (just 1–2 μm ) is still too small to be of practical use. The team hopes to increase that distance by using better quality graphene and by developing a better doping process. More information: Controlling graphene plasmons with resonant metal antennas and spatial conductivity patterns, Science DOI: 10.1126/science.1253202ABSTRACTGraphene plasmons promise unique possibilities for controlling light in nanoscale devices and for merging optics with electronics. Here,we introduce a versatile platform technology based on resonant optical antennas and conductivity patterns for launching and controlling of propagating graphene plasmons, constituting an essential step for the development of graphene plasmonic circuits. We demonstrate the launching and focusing of infrared graphene plasmons with geometrically tailored antennas, and how they refract when passing through a 2-dimensional conductivity pattern, here a prism-shaped bilayer. To that end, we directly map the graphene plasmon wavefronts using an imaging method that will also benefit the testing of future design concepts for nanoscale graphene plasmonic circuits and devices.Press release This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
‘Plan your work and work your plan,’ suggests Michel Koopman, General Manager at The Leela Kempinski Gurgaon, as he settles in with a glass of Perrier for the ‘grueling’ interview with Millennium Post. A month (and a little more) into being at the helm of affairs for the hotel, Koopman has big plans and perhaps the best part of it is that he is brilliantly methodical when it comes to executing them (trust us, he had a PPT!). Despite a traditional educational base of Greek and Latin, Koopman had no plans of becoming a doctor or a lawyer he says. Since he was too young to join the hotel school at The Hague ( Higher Hotelschool for Hotel management) – he was only 20 then – he had to wait it out. So the journey that finally began with Assistant Chief Steward at the Amsterdam Hilton, has traveled far and wide and found base in India, for now. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’ And we say for now because by the looks of it, Koopman loves to travel, there isn’t a place in the world he hasn’t been to it seems. When we asked him about it and he started listing the places he has seen, we had to stop him and asked him for places he had not seen instead. Amsterdam, Jakarta, Bali, Osaka, Perth, Canberra, Melbourne, Pudong, Shanghai and the list goes on. ‘My first visit to India was when I had a ponytail,’ laughs Koopman, that was years ago and perhaps then, he had no idea that life would come full circle. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with Netflix Speaking about his past experiences, Koopman says that he learnt to hone his analytical thinking in schools but the more real, on-hand training came from all the work he did on the side while he was still a student. From scratch in the hotel business to managing a team of workers under him, Koopman picked the tricks of his trade working it out for himself. ‘You have to take two steps backwards to take a huge step forward at times, it is the catapult effect,’ says Koopman explaining that there were times when he took a designation cut in his career to make sure he learned the right things. ‘It is essential to get your core values right,’ says he and goes on to say that this is the exact philosophy he has planned for Leela Kempinski. Everyone in the staff should know what exactly is expected of him or her and then develop skills along those lines. At this point Koopman shares a delightful anecdote on the man who swept the floors at Cape Canaveral. When asked about what he does – the man had replied – ‘I make sure that men can walk on the moon’ Confused much? So were we till Koopman explained that according to this man, if he did not do his job right at the lowest rung of the NASA operations, something would go wrong up the ladder right till the Apollo 11 launch. ‘The idea is to develop, empower, engage and reward people and everyone should know what is expected from them- that is the Dharma Chakra,’ says Koopman. The Leela caters to making guests feel like king, guests like their privacy and space and we should respect that, he adds. So what are the big plans for Leela Kempinski? ‘I want to focus on the strengths of the hotel, fine tune those and make sure we follow our Vision – To be recognised as the leading International luxury hotel by our primary target markets, corporate and MICE. The hotel will exceed the expectations of our colleagues, guests, owners and The Leela. Our values are aligned with Athiti Devo Bhava,’ he says. While the restaurants on the property – Spectra and Diya are definitely on Koopman’s list – he wants to bring up the concept of signature dishes in the hotel. ‘Fine dining is passe,’ he says. The man loves his food, his wine and his occasional cigar – so we trust him. ‘The idea is to authenticate. People in India focus on one great dish, which they want it right and will travel a long way to experience it. That is what signature dining is about,’ explains Koopman. While he can’t wait for his twin daughters and wife to join him in India, Koopman keeps himself busy with his sports and books. Nothing to complain about, we say!
So what does this show explore? Well, the answer is a list of questions. What is devotion? Is it a mere a tool? Or a religious observation or worship? Or an instant mantra to quell one’s innermost disquiet? Or is it all a grand delusion and religious posturing? These are some of the ideas that this show explores through the works on display. Bajaj noted, ‘The art works in the show portray multidimensional elucidations of devotion and the way it transmutes individual entities. There are works that conjure up peace and spiritualism while others that invoke disquiet and action.’ Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The show opens today with the performances by Sweta Bhattad and leading puppeteer of India Dadi Pudumjee.This exhibition brings in an interesting exercise to examine the modern intellectual’s notion about devotion. The show has been in the making for the past one year and eminent group of artists contributed to make it so beautiful and absorbing.Curator Puri explains, ‘Great literature, art and cinema have always flourished in times of turmoil and strife. If censorship has imposed laws to stop the common man from protesting, art has provided the perfect platform for him/her to express angst through art.’ Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixThe art works by this fairly large and varied collection of artistes, depicts devotion the most basic and profound human emotion since the inception of the civilization, in multidimensional forms and renditions reflective of each individual entity and his/her leanings or preoccupations.The concept for this annual show on this open platform is reflective of the gallery’s own ethos and support to a diverse representation of art where the only limitation is the ideas that the artiste is able to dream up and the degree of their dedication and commitment to realise it.When: On till 15 January 2015 Where: Gallery Art Positive, Lado Sarai Timing: 10.30am – 7.30pm
Kolkata: Subhrangshu Roy, Trinamool Congress MLA from Bijpur in North 24-Parganas and son of Mukul Roy, on Wednesday came down heavily on his father for his statement that BJP will give smartphones to people, if they vote for the party.”You cannot woo the voters by making promises of giving smartphones. People are in favour of development and because of it, Trinamool will taste landslide victory in the forthcoming Panchayat election,” he said.It may be mentioned that Trinamool Congress secretary general Partha Chatterjee had also criticised Roy for his “irresponsible” statement. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsRoy had made the statement in Siliguri, earlier this week. He had said that ifBJP establishes its controlover the Zilla Parishad in Jalpaiguri, then all voters above the age of 18 will be given smartphones.Subhrangshu said, “Mukul Roy and Dilip Ghosh are threatening the people of Bengal and this will be disastrous for BJP.”It may be recalled that after Mukul Roy joined BJP, there was speculation that Subhrangshu will follow him. He had also skipped some meetings of the party. But he clarified his stand on Wednesday and said “Mamata Banerjee is our leader and I will follow her instructions.” Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedHe made it clear that he will work for the people and will criticise those who will attack Trinamool Congress below the belt.It may be mentioned that Roy had strongly opposed Mukul joining BJP and had said that he would not join the party.Nevertheless, Roy joined BJP in Delhi and though no post has been given to him in the state unit, he is campaigning against Trinamool Congress in all the districts.Meanwhile, Mukul is fast losing his control in North 24-Parganas and none of his associates in the district have joined BJP.
Kolkata: Suparatim Das, husband of Shampa Das, a civic volunteer who was found dead inside their house at Kaikhali on Friday evening, has been arrested by Bidhannagar police for murdering his wife with two hired criminals.His mother has also been arrested for her alleged involvement in the incident. They have been remanded to four-day police custody after being produced at a Barrackpore court on Monday. Police have also detained a domestic help after a prolonged interrogation on Monday. In the face of rigorous grilling, the accused admitted his involvement and narrated the incident. To evade getting caught, the husband hatched a plan of himself being tied up with a rope against a chair. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsAmit P Javalgi, DC, DD, Bidhannar police said they suspected her husband’s involvement after interrogating him as there were irregularities in his statements. During interrogation, Das told police that his wife used to torture and pressurize them for the property. Das’s mother is the owner of the property and the house at Kaikhali, where the couple lived with their 3-year-old son.Police said Das hired two criminals with the help of one Roshid Ali Mollah with whom Das had met a few months ago. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedIt is through Mollah that Das had struck a deal with the two criminals. Though Mollah is not a physiotherapist, he used to give massage to Das. After the investigation, police came to know that Das had hired the criminals by paying them around Rs 60,000. Das and his mother helped criminals enter the house after the victim woman arrived from her duty on Friday evening. The victim’s mother-in-law stepped out of the house with her grandson a few minutes before the incident.The hired criminals went into the room, tied up the husband with a rope against a chair and hit the woman with a sharp weapon. Das told police that he hatched the plot of killing his wife after failing to bear her torture on him and his mother. The victim used to beat them up, demanding to name the entire property against her name. Das and an attendant, who used to look after domestic works, were interrogated together.